Forma, Vol. 24 (No. 3), pp. 87-92, 2009
Original Paper

A Simple Mathematical Model for Chamber Arrangement of Planktic Foraminifera

Takashi Yoshino1*, Katsunori Kimoto2, Naoko Kishimoto3, Atsushi Matsuoka4, Toshiyuki Kurihara5, Naoto Ishida5 and Shu Matsuura6

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Toyo University, Kujirai 2100, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585, Japan
2Research Institute for Global Change (RIGC), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan
3Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto Univiersity, Japan
4Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Japan
5Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, Japan
6Faculty of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University, Japan
*E-mail address:

(Received March 16, 2009; Accepted January 12, 2010)

Abstract. We propose a simple mathematical model for chamber arrangement of planktic foraminifera. The arrangement is approximated using connection of spheres. It is represented by combination of four sequences: they correspond to radius of chamber, horizontal/vertical distance of connected chambers, and angle of horizontally projected two lines constructed by connection of centers of adjacent spheres. We assumed that the sequences of the radius and horizontal/vertical distances are geometric series and that of the angle is constant. We succeeded in reproducing the chamber configuration of all recent planktic foraminifera at the level of family in taxonomy. We also point out that some other parameters are required in order to classify the chamber arrangement in detail. The model enables us to consider an optimization problem of the volume-surface area ratio which corresponds to the cost of chamber forming materials. Using the simplest case of our models, we obtain an optimized radius-distance relation.

Keywords: Planktic Foraminifera, Chamber Arrangement, Mathematical Model

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