Forma, Vol. 15 (No. 2), pp. 157-162, 2000

Symmetry and Symmetry Breaking in Boats, Its Propulsion Methods and Navigation Techniques

Humiaki Huzita

INFN, Sezione di Padova, c/o Physics Department, Univ. of Padova, Italy

(Received November 19, 1999; Accepted March 22, 2000)

Keywords: Symmetry Breaking, Transversal Rowing, Scull, Gondola, Catamaran

Abstract. Destroying common symmetries existing in our life is often very hard and almost impossible to attempt it, since it seems to be an offence to the natural principle. Contrarily, however, symmetry breaking introduces sometimes enormous practical advantages. Some examples, about boat are discussed. Common characteristic in these cases is the fact that ideas of employing asymmetry were not created by particular person(s) but were born based on daily experiences of ancient people over a long time scale.

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